Statistics, Safety Studies & Guidelines


2012.12 NYC Motor Vehicle Accident Report



Motorcycle Crash Causes And Outcomes – a pilot study

Rider Training

The_State_and_Future_of_US_Motorcycle_Training_2011 – Outcomes from a conference in February, 2011, four organizations with an interest in rider safety invited 15 top international experts in advanced rider training to answer a simple question, “If you wanted to improve regular rider training and reduce crashes, how would you do it?”

Evaluation of State Motorcycle Safety Programs – From the US Department of Transportation’s (USDOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published in 2005, The rise in motorcycle injuries and fatalities over the past decade has placed greater emphasis on the role that State motorcycle safety programs may play in making roadways safer for riders. From programs targeted at motorcyclists to comprehensive training for law enforcement and court personnel, State programs are tasked with implementing and monitoring a range of safety policies and procedures. This report describes the current efforts States are undertaking to promote motorcycle safety.

Review of State Motorcycle Safety Program Technical Assessments – Also from USDOT NHTSA, aimed at promoting motorcycle safety and understanding the factors that contribute to motorcycle crashes, the State Motorcycle Safety Program Technical  Assessments (“State Assessments”), provide comprehensive reviews of State  motorcycle safety programs and practices. During the assessments, reviewers examine  the policies States have implemented to promote motorcycle safety and offer  recommendations for additional steps States may take to encourage safe riding and reduce crashes, injuries, and fatalities.

Promising Practices in Motorcycle Education, USDOT-NHTSA. Although 47 States have State-legislated motorcycle rider education and all States and the District of Columbia require operators to obtain a motorcycle license or endorsement, standards and practices for rider education and licensing vary widely across the country. The purpose of this report is to develop a research-based model of promising practices in rider education and licensing and to use the model to identify States that have implemented high-quality rider training and comprehensive licensing.

Crash Barriers

New Standards for Road Restraint Systems for Motorcyclists – from the Federation of European Motorcyclists’ Associations. Crash barriers are designed with only cars and heavy vehicles in mind. The European testing standard has made no mention of  motorcycles for the last decades even though hitting a road restraint system is a factor in 8-17 per cent of rider deaths. In collisions with crash barriers, riders are 15 times more likely to be killed than a car occupant. Lately the European Parliament has identified standard guardrails as “death trap” for motorcyclists.

Effect of Barrier Type on Motorcycle Collisions – by Allison Daniello and Hampton C. Gabler. Motorcycle collisions with barriers have been shown to be much more severe than other vehicle collisions with barriers. The impact of barrier type on injury severity for motorcyclists has been greatly debated. There is growing concern about the risk associated with motorcycles colliding with cable barriers, although to date no definitive evidence has shown that cable barriers are indeed more harmful to motorcyclists than other barrier types. This study analyzed 951 motorcycle–barrier crashes involving 1,047 riders from 2003 to 2008 in North Carolina, Texas, and New Jersey to determine the effect of barrier type on injury severity in crashes.

Characteristics of Injuries in Motorcycle to Barrier Collisions in Maryland – Also by Daniello & Gabler, from 2011


Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) – Almost all the important NY State highway safety documents are presented here. It is a data-driven, multi-year comprehensive plan that establishes statewide goals, objectives, and key emphasis areas and integrates the four E’s of highway safety – engineering, education, enforcement and emergency medical services (EMS).

NYS Highway Safety Strategic Plan 2012